I may receive commissions when you click links and make purchases. View details here.
The Thousand Islands region is an active area straddling the New York and southeastern Ontario border overflowing with fun things to see and do. Tourists have been coming here for over 150 years, enjoying multiple seasons along the St. Lawrence seaway. The area is dotted with lighthouses, towering mansions, and elaborate castles. Historic tales run through its waters as outdoor lovers relish in the comforts of nature. It is a beautiful area where culture, good eats, and exciting adventures await around every corner.
From boat tours and scenic drives, fish fries, and quaint towns bursting with history and culture, a few trips to the Thousand Islands will only scratch the surface of what this joyful region has to offer.
What area makes up the Thousand Islands
The Thousand Islands constitute a North American archipelago of 1,864 islands that straddles the Canada–US border in the Saint Lawrence River. The region stretches for about 50 miles (80 km) downstream from Kingston, Ontario, with most islands existing between Alexandria Bay and Cape Vincent in the US and between Kingston and Rockport on the Canadian side.
Regional Map from Exploringupstate.com
What Constitutes an Island?
To be considered an island, a piece of land must stay above water throughout the year, be at least one sq foot and support a living tree.
The islands of the 1000 Islands range in size from 40 square miles to smaller islands occupied by a single resident or uninhabited grouping of rocks.
The smallest inhabited island is known as “Just Room Enough” or Hub Island, believed to be around 3,300 sq feet.
When is the best time to visit the Thousand Islands
Although temperatures dip into single digits in the heart of winter, the region can be enjoyed year-round. It is primarily a summer vacation spot, but fall proves to be a beautiful time to visit for fall festivals, pumpkin patches, and stunning foliage.
Spring: Ice usually melts in late March to early April. You can start to see large ships making their way down the seaway and head outdoors for the first cozy outdoor campfires of the year. Temperatures in early spring reach highs in the low 40s, while May usually sees highs in the upper 60s and lows in the low to mid-40s.
Summer: Many seasonal activities are ramping up for the summer season, usually May-early September. Flowers will be booming, but crowds will be thick. Temperatures are in the high 80s to lows in the upper 50s.
Fall: A great time to visit as fall crowds are fewer after kids go back to school. Many seasonal businesses close after Labor Day, but new fall-themed attractions pop up through November. Temps in early fall are in the low 70s to mid-40s.
Winter: Many activities stop running, but new activities such as snowmobiling, Ice fishing, and skiing are introduced. Temps range from highs in the upper to low 30s and lows in the teens and single digits.
1,000 exciting things to do in the Thousand Islands
This list is organized by topic and includes activities and sights in both the US and Canada, so grab your passport and get ready to start exploring.
Although I’d like to say I have personally experienced all of the things on this list, it may take a few more years. So please use this post as a guide and know I can’t personally guarantee your experience for all listed activities.
This post is a working directory, so if you have any suggestions for fun things to do in the Thousand Islands, please share them in the comment section below. I’ll be updating this post as I learn more about all the exciting things to do in the Thousand Islands.
Visit a Thousand Island Town
These are the main towns that make up the Thousand Islands. They all offer something unique, and most have a curated main street filled with locally-owned shops and restaurants. Some are just over the US border, so make sure to bring your passport and check entry requirements before visiting. A fun-filled full-day is easily spent in any of these towns, strolling the streets, enjoying the views, having a drink by the bay, people-watching, or joining in on a community festival.
- Alexandria Bay– Known as the heart of the 1,000 Islands. A great place to base yourself for access to tons of attractions.
- Clayton– Known for the antique boat museum and annual boat parade. A charming town with local eateries, the year-round Harbor hotel and the Clayton Opera House.
- Cape Vincent– Charming river town boasting a locally curated main street with many handmade goods, craft brews and dining options. Also home to the Tibbetts Point Lighthouse.
- Sackets Harbor– This village overlooks Lake Ontario and is a designated New York State Heritage Area with historic sites and attractions, free summer concerts and a bike path circling the village.
- Henderson Harbor– Classic maritime village, perfect for multiple freshwater activities
- Ogdensburg-Home of the Frederic Remington Art Museum and the only US port on the St. Lawrence Seaway. Host to historic battlegrounds and community festivals all year long.
- Watertown-The “big city” for anything you may need from all the chain stores you can think of and the area’s closest International Airport
- Kingston, ON– Settled in the 1600s this national historical site is a city rich in culture and history known as the “Limestone City” for the many limestone buildings constructed.
- Prescott, ON– A picturesque town on the shores of St. Lawrence offering many arts, cultural and historic attractions.
- Gananoque, ON-Stunning waterfront community, known as the gateway to the 1,000 Islands with tons of local festivals and events and plenty of outdoor activities.
- Brockville, ON- Bustling downtown home to over 300 locally owned businesses. Known as the eastern gateway to the 1000 Islands and one of the best locations for freshwater scuba diving in the world.
Entertain yourself at a Yacht or Sport Club
Great for locals or seasonal patrons to enjoy a variety of sporting facilities. Visitors are welcome at yacht clubs in most cases to use the facilities with dockage or daily rental fees. Check updated visitor and membership information with each club directly.
- Clayton Yacht Club
- Trident Yacht Club (Kingston)
- Crescent Yacht Club (Chaumont)
- Henderson Harbor Yacht Club
- Wolfe Island Boat Club
- Thousand Island Country Club (Wellesley Island)- public golf course with the hotel, marina, restaurant, pickleball and tennis.
Have fun on the water
Some days are a bit choppy for kayaks and canoes, but the St. Lawrence seaway is a great place to rent a boat, jet ski, and even try flyboarding. In addition, many watercraft rentals are available all around the Thousand Islands for hourly, daily, or weekly rentals.
Water Craft Rentals
- Wellesley Island boat rentals– Rents pontoon boats, fishing boats, kayaks and paddleboards boards
- Wolfe Island Boat Club-Welcomes visitors for day rentals of canoes and kayaks
- Aqua-Mania (Alex Bay)– Full-service marina offering pontoon and speed boat rentals
- Riverbay Rentals (Chippewa Bay)-Boat, kayak, canoe and SUP rentals. Also offer guided 1/2 day kayak tours
- 1000 Islands Kayaking (Gananoque)- Guided kayak tours, overnight camping tours, guided boat tours and kayak rentals.
- Boomerang Bike & Kayak Rentals (Wellesley Island)-
- Jet Ski Rentals– currently, no rentals are available, will update as more information becomes available
- Allinadventures (Alex Bay)-Fly Board Rentals, available for up to 20 people, an experience you won’t want to miss!
- Ahoy Rentals (Kingston)- Canoeing, kayaking and stand-up paddle boarding rentals with all safety equipment included.
Water Sport Trails
- St. Lawrence River 1,000 Islands Paddle– 12 miles moderate waterway loop trail located in Gananoque, ON
Some of the best freshwater scuba diving in the world exist in the 1000 Islands region, where it is easy to explore over 200 shipwrecks that lay on the bottom of the St. Lawrence River.
- Blue Foot Diving (Clayton)-Recreational and technical dive charters geared toward excellent education of re-breathers, expeditions and hyperbaric chamber practices.
- Hunt’s Dive Shop (Clayton)- Daily charters and rentals
- Pat’s Dive Charters (Kingston)- Wreck diving at its best
- Dive Brockville (Brockville CA)- From shore diving to wreck diving in the St Lawrence River to Lake Ontario
Here is an excellent resource for the best areas to dive in the St. Lawrence River
The Thousand Islands are an outdoors lover’s paradise. There are so many natural areas to explore and outdoor activities to get your blood flowing.
The 1000 Island State Park region includes 26 state parks, two golf courses, and a Historic Site covering Lewis, Jefferson, St. Lawrence, Franklin, and Clinton counties. There are tons of hiking trails, fishing, camping, and swimming available at these NY state parks. Visit NYParks.gov for a complete list of all the parks and amenities they offer.
The Thousand Island Park– Located on Wesley Island in the charming community of Thousand Island Village is a great area to relax, explore and enjoy the St. Lawrence River. There are large grass fields, great views of the river, walking paths, and a seasonal restaurant and grocery store. River Yoga hosts weekly yoga classes under the pavilion during summer and there are kayak and bike rentals with easy access to the river and nearby biking trails.
- Thousand Islands National Park (ON)- US does not have a National Park in this area but many national historic sites (listed in the “Historic Sights section” below) and state parks.
- Jone’s Creek Trail– Sanctuary of scenic lookouts, rugged rock faces, and tall stands of pine. Hiking trails from 20 mins to 2 hours are available.
- Landon’s Bay– Small bay bordered by various hiking trails and with opportunities to watch wildlife
- Mallorytown Landing– Home to a selection of low-difficulty trails that are great for the entire family, cutting through wooded areas and wetlands.
- The Gananoque Trail system (ON)– 12 km perimeter hike that may be divided into three returns to the Trailhead loops
- 1000 Islands Parkway Trail (ON)– Hike or bike along the 37 km paved path that skirts the shoreline’s coves and bays on the waterfront. Runs between Gananoque and Brockville and also forms a section of Ontario’s Waterfront Trail that will take you through small port hamlets like Ivy Lea and Rockport.
- Wellesley Island State Park– 2.3 easy loop trail with scenic views
- Redwood Hills Preserve– easy, 1.2 miles with a stunning view of Butterfield Lake
- 1000 Islands Bicycle Rentals (Watertown)-Serving the black river and beyond
- Boomerang Bike & Kayak Rentals (Wellesley Island)- Bikes, kayaks and canoe rentals in the heart of the 1,000 Islands
- Ahoy Rentals (Kingston)-Route and tour suggestions available
- Great Lakes Seaway Trail– Its New York portion stretches 518 miles along a freshwater shoreline, including the St. Lawrence River, Lake Ontario, the Niagara River and Lake Erie.
- Thousand Islands Waterfront Trail– Easy, 23 mile, point-to-point paved trail great for walking, rolling or biking near Leeds and the Thousands Islands, ON; pets welcomed
- Great Lakes Waterfront Trail- Signed route connecting 155 communities and First Nations along the Canadian shores of the Great Lakes region for over 2,000 miles. Brockville to Kingston is the popular 1,000 Island route.
- St Lawrence Seaway Ride– Mostly flat 52 mile trip along the Seaway trail in St. Lawrence county.
- Sun Outdoors Association Island– Full RV hookups, tent sites, cabins, and a lodge with complete amenities
- Wellesley Island State Park– the largest camping complex in the state with tent and trailer sites, cabins and cottages, a marina and boat launches, and year-round activities at its Minna Anthony Common Nature Center
- Kring Point State Park– on a peninsula that extends into the St. Lawrence River, making water access super easy
- Burnham Point State Park (Cape Vincent)-
- 1000 Islands Campground (Alex Bay)- Private campground offering RV and tent sites, log cabins, and glamping tent setups
- Merry Knoll Campground (Clayton)-Top-rated private campground with great views of the St. Lawrence and a swimming pool
- DeWolf Point State Park– cabins and tent sites with free access to Wellesley State Park
The St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario are famous for bass, northern pike, muskellunge, brown trout, and salmon. Fishing in the 1,000 Islands requires a license from New York state or the province of Ontario.
- Signman Charters– Trophy Fishing in the 1000 Islands
- 1000 Islands Fishing Charters (Clayton)-
- St. Lawrence River Fishing Charters (Alex Bay)- Tours, shore dinners and scenic tours
- Fun 2 Fish Charters (Alex Bay)-Fishing charters on the St. Lawrence River, Black Lake and the Indian River Lakes chain
- Dans Fishing Charters (Gananoque)-Private fishing for up to four passengers with all fishing gear provided
There are a lot of areas for swimming around the Thousand Islands, from beaches, lakes, and swimming pools.
Here is an excellent resource for swimming areas near Alex Bay from AARP. Other places to consider are below.
- Southwick Beach State Park (ON)– is popular with campers and day-use visitors for the outstanding swimming and sunbathing on its long sandy beach.
- Central Grenadier Island and Thwartway Island (Thousand Islands National Park ON)- Sandy beaches for swimming
- Smugglers Glen (Landsdown, ON)-Championship 18-hole golf course with resort hotel and dining
- Thousand Islands Country Club– Features two scenic 18 hole golf courses that offer challenging layouts and scenic views of both the St. Lawrence River and the Lake of the Isles.
- Gananoque Golf and Country Club– Public course offering a challenging nine hole 2845 yard, par 35 course, with a second set of men’s and lady’s tee boxes for the back nine variation
- Green Acres (Gananoque)- Play “the Greene” regulation length course of 3200-3400 yds, Par 35/36, 6000sq ft greens with separate tee blocks for 18 hole play.
- Lyndway Hills– 9 hole public course, 2905 yards par 35, no tee times required
- Wellesley Island State Park Golf Course (42773 County Rd 100)- Tuesday & Thursday afternoon discounts
Choose a guided tour or go sightseeing
Most boat tours are seasonal, operating from the end of May to early October.
- Uncle Sam Boat Tours (Alex Bay)- Variety of scenic, dining, and private tours
- 1000 Islands Scenic tours (Alex Bay)- Private boat tours
- Clayton Island Tours– A variety of Thousand Islands Cruises on the St. Lawrence River
- City Cruises (Gananoque)- Family owned, the largest tour boat operator in the 1000 Islands, one hour to 1/2 day excursions
- Erie Canal Cruises (Herkimer)- Daily sightseeing tours through Lock 18 and along the Mohawk Valley
- Rockport Cruises (ON)-Canadian owned and operated for over 67 years
- Thousand Island Seaway– 52 mile biking and driving path
- Thousand Island Bridge– Park at the visitor’s center and walk over the bridge
- 1000 Islands Parkway, ON- 25 miles long linking the villages of Butternut Bay and Gananoque
Stop at the North Country Visitor Center near the Thousand Islands bridge. There is a charming red-covered bridge, a picture-perfect I LOVE NY sign, a small cafe with coffee and sandwiches, and lots of handmade treats from local farmers and small batch producers.
- Sackets Harbor Battlefield– The command center of the American naval and military operations on LakeOntario during the War of 1812
- Fort Ontario State Historic Site (Oswego)- Known as the “Guardian of the Northern Frontier.”
- Safe Haven Holocaust Refugee Shelter Museum (Oswego) -Commemorating America’s only shelter for Holocaust survivors.
- Fort de La Presentation (Ogdensburg)- An archaeological site of historic significance along the St. Lawrence River
- Eisenhower Lock (Dwight D. Eisenhower Visitor’s Center, Massena)– Offers an observation deck over the U.S. Eisenhower Lock
- Bolt Castle (Alex Bay, Heart Island)- popular Gilded age 120 room castle
- Singer Castle (Dark Island Chippewa Bay)-Built by the head of the Singer Sewing Machine company as a family retreat
There are over 13 lighthouses in the Thousand Island Region. Most are inactive or privately owned. Some have been preserved and moved to alternate locations to welcome visitors. A few offer tours and overnight stays, while some are accessed by boat or ferry only. One thing they all have in common is their fascinating history and charming stature, which still attracts many visitors. More information on these lighthouses can be found here.
- Cape Vincent Breakwater Lighthouse (1912)-The remaining original wooden tower now stands beside Route 12E on the southern outskirts of Cape Vincent, accessible by car.
- Tibbetts Point (1854)-Still in service, 17 miles from Clayton marking the point where Lake Ontario meets the St. Lawrence River.
- East Charity Shoal Lighthouse (1935)- Located in the shipping channel leading to the St. Lawrence River (boat only)
- Galloo Island (1820, privately owned)- The first American lighthouse built on Lake Ontario.
- Horse Island Lighthouse (1831, privately owned)- Also known as Sackets Harbor Light.
- Oswego West Pierhead Lighthouse (1822)-The fourth lighthouse to stand watch over the mouth of the Oswego River and is still active today.
- Rock Island Light House (1847)-Now open for public viewing, accessible by private boat or local shuttle.
- Salmon River (Selkirk) Lighthouse (1838)-Located near Port Ontario. It is One of only four lighthouses in the United States to retain its original bird-cage lantern and is also one of three lighthouses along the Seaway Trail that visitors can rent for overnight stays.
- Stoney Point Lighthouse (1869, privately owned)-Located on the shores of Lake Ontario near Henderson Bay. Still has great views from the road.
- Sunken Rock (1847)- Located on Bush Island in Alex Bay. Can be viewed by boat tour or at the end of James Street.
- Ogdensburg Harbor Lighthouse (1834, privately owned)-Can be viewed via a nearby park; lighthouse grounds are closed to the public.
- Sister’s Island Lighthouse (1870 privately owned)- Best viewed by boat, located upriver from Singer Castle.
- Nine Mile Point Lighthouse (1833, ON)– Located on Simcoe Island, 9 miles southwest of Kingston, accessed by a cable ferry
- Crossover Island (1848 private property)-Best views are via boat. Catch a glimpse between houses off of River Edge Road (runs parallel along Route 12) just west of Chippewa Bay.
- Wolfe Island (Québec Head) Lighthouse (1861)-still active today, accessible via 20 min ferry from Kingston/Marysville dock.
Soak in the local history
- Antique Boat Museum (Clayton)-A beautiful and charming museum celebrating the importance of boating to North America.
- H Lee White Maritime Museum (Oswego)-Offers tours to the Oswego West Pierhead Lighthouse on Fridays and Saturdays between June and September.
- 1000 Islands History Museum– Founded in 1995, the museum tells the story of Gananoque’s varied history, from glaciers and muskies to pirates and picnickers.
- Thousand Islands Boat Museum– Located on the waterfront in Gananoque, Ontario. A hands-on Museum where history becomes something that can be touched, built, and experienced.
- Frederic Remington Art Museum (Ogdensburg)- A full spectrum of the artist’s work is displayed in a house Remington frequently visited.
- The Starr Clark Tin Shop and Underground Railroad Museum (Mexico, NY)– Tells of Underground Railroad sites, stories of local abolitionists, and regional history in a historically restored tin shop
- Safe Haven Holocaust Refugee Shelter Museum – commemorates America’s only shelter for Holocaust survivors.
- Sackets Harbor Concerts on the Waterfront– enjoy free outdoor concerts from a variety of genres every summer.
- Clayton Opera House– Enjoy live-action plays, musicals, concerts and more.
- Thousand Island Playhouse (Gananoque, ON)
- Royal Theatre Thousand Islands (ON)- Canada’s scenic dockside playhouse with two theatres for plays and concerts.
- Brockville Arts Centre (ON)- World-class live theatre venue offering world-class entertainment
Have fun at a festival
Many towns are known for their annual festivals running throughout the year. From fishing Derbys, BBQ and live music to crafts and games for all ages, there is a festival for everyone no matter the time of year you visit.
Here is a great website to stay up to date on all Thousand Island Events.
- River Shiver- (Ogdensburg, February)- kicks off with a polar plunge
- Polar Bear Dip- (Alex Bay, Bonnie Castle Resort, February)- A long-running community event supporting River Hospital
- Porch Music Fest (Sackets Harbor, September)- Sponsored by the historical society, musicians heard playing around the village for the day.
- Can-Am Festival (Sackets Harbor, July)- Celebrating the relationship between US and Canada with live music, battle of the bands and a parade with over 70 units
- Car-B-que (Odgensburg)- 1st Saturday in June at the Dobisky Visitor’s Center. A combination of barbeque and classic cars, along with entertainment featuring door prizes, music, raffles and much more.
- St. Lawrence Shakespeare Festival (July & August, Prescott) -award-winning performances at the riverside Kinsmen Amphitheater
Explore the culinary scene
The Thousand Island region might not be known for its food, but the local fare paired with good hospitality and great waterfront views is something everyone will enjoy!
- Thousand Island Club– Offers a “come as you are theme” with cutting-edge innovative menu selections, including freshly flown-in fish, choice organic steak & chops, and inviting tapas and G-free small plate specialties.
- St. Lawrence Spirits Chateau (Clayton)-Offering fine dining inside and a separate menu for casual dining on their open air deck
- The Ivy Restaurant (Lansdowne, ON)-The beautiful main dining room and spacious veranda offer a fine dining menu focused on steak, seafood and local produce and the outdoor stone terrace has a casual menu with pizza, burgers, sandwiches and salads.
- Cavallario’s Steakhouse (Alex bay)- Family owned and operated since 1962.
- JK’s Road House (Redwood)-Daily specials, known for their Friday fish fry
- Di Prinzio’s Kitchen (Clayton)- Italian dining with an outdoor patio serving weekend brunch, lunch and dinner.
- Bella’s (Clayton)-Casual waterfront dining on the St. Lawrence River
- Good Fellos (Sackets Harbor)-Brick oven pizza and wine bar
- Tin Pan Galley (Cape Vincent)–Cozy restaurant in one of the smallest historic towns of the U.S.A
- The Ivy Restaurant Stone Terrace (Lansdowne, ON)- Casual menu with pizza, burgers, sandwiches and salads.
- Dianne’s Fish Shack & Smokehouse (Kingston)- Where a classic east coast kitchen meets the flavors of Mexico
- The Guzzle– Located on Wesley Island, it has a seasonal restaurant with ice cream parlor and a upper-level game room with outdoor balconies and a small grocery store.
- Gananoque Farmers Market (ON) -every Thursday from 4 pm – 7 pm at Town Hall Park
- The Clayton Farmers‘ Market – Every Thursday from June 3 – October 1
- Henderson Farms (Wolfe Island, Kingston)- Family-owned fruit farm specializing in all-natural, homemade jam, jelly, chutney, and marmalade.
- Watertown Farmers Market– Local farm fresh produce, meats, eggs. baked goods, plants, barbecue, and more. Open every Saturday from 9 until 2 beginning the first Saturday in June until the last in October.
- Alex Bay Farmer’s Market (Kinney Drugs off of Route 120- Fridays during summer season 9am-3pm.
Relax at local wineries
One of the best ways to enjoy the wineries in this region is to follow the 78-mile long 1000 Islands-Seaway Wine Trail. It meanders throughout Jefferson County and makes a terrific day trip while stopping at some of the seven family-owned and operated member wineries along this trail. The trail uses NY Routes 3, 180, 12, 26, 11, and 342. Green grape cluster signs mark wineries.
The trail includes Tug Hill Vineyards in Lowville, Yellow Barn Winery outside of Sackets Harbor, the Cape Winery in Cape Vincent, Coyote Moon Vineyards in Clayton, the Thousand Islands Winery outside of Alexandria Bay, Venditti Vineyards in Theresa, and Otter Creek Winery in Philadelphia, NY. (River Myst Winery is now closed)
- Tug Hill Vineyards (Lowville)-Enjoy leisurely wine and spirits tastings and lite food offerings in the Vintner’s Lounge
- Yellow Barn Winery (Watertown)- locally owned and operated for over 20 years
- The Cape Winery (Cape Vincent)- One of the newest wineries on the Thousand Islands Seaway Wine Trail with goals to grow or purchase locally grown grapes to produce at least 60% of the wines that they sell, which they have achieved or exceeded each year
- Coyote Moon Vineyards- One of the most award-winning wineries in New York State being named the 2016 & 2017 New York State Winery of the Year
- Thousand Islands Winery (Alex Bay)- Enjoy tastings and vineyard tours
- Venditti Vineyards (Theresa)- Became one of only 10 New York State wineries to win the prestigious “double gold” medal at the San Francisco Chronicle Wine Competition in 2014
- Otter Creek Winery (Alex Bay)- Produces over 7000 gallons of 13 different varieties of wine
Additional Wineries, not members of the wine trail
- White Caps Winery (Chaumont)- Sits on farmland at the edge of Chaumont Bay, once known by Native Americans as Hungry Bay.
- Northern Flow Vineyards (Alex Bay)- Small farm winery since 2015 offering live music, food truck and wine slushy
Try local brews at a distillery
- Dark Island Spirits (Alex Bay)- A true craft distillery, discover how they handcraft and Musically Mature their award-winning Bourbons, Whiskeys and Brandies along with Vodkas, Gins and Liqueurs
- Clayton Distillery- Homegrown, handcrafted, farm-based distillery
- St. Lawrence Spirits Chateau (Clayton)- 2019 & 2020 NY State distillery of the year
As you can see, there is a slew of things to keep everyone entertained while visiting the Thousand Islands Region.
Some of my favorite summer weekends are spent on the water enjoying the scenery and freshwater breeze. I especially love summer morning yoga sessions at Thousand Island Park hosted by River Yoga. Classes are $15 each session or you can buy a package for a discounted rate.
I hope you enjoyed this list of 1000 EXCITING activities to do in the Thousand Islands. I’ll update this post periodically with more things to do and see as I experience more of the 1000 Islands so make sure to bookmark this post and keep checking back.
I’d love to hear how you have enjoyed the Thousand Islands in the comments below!
Shop Travel Gear
Shop all my current obsessions and travel essentials I can’t live without. I only recommend products I’ve actually tried and loved!
The Best Travel Apps
Want To Travel Easier?
Get my Free Guide to the Best Travel Apps straight to your inbox